Competent Bodies

Competent bodies have different tasks and responsibilities for steering and ensuring quality in dual VET systems. These tasks include a. o. developing training regulations, supporting training companies, and recording statistics. The term “Competent Bodies” is used differently in the five countries. Government assigns specific tasks to agencies or stakeholders of the system following legal regulations and practices. The institutional settings and the scope of the responsibilities of those agencies vary among the different systems.

Competent Bodies in Denmark

The Ministry of Education manages the VET system and approves VET providers. The involvement of social partners as competent bodies is stipulated by law at all levels of the system, and the self-governing VET providers are led by governing boards composed of social partner representatives.

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Competent Bodies in Germany

In Germany the term “competent body” is a legally set expression for the organisations that support and monitor the provision of in-company training. For most dual training occupations the chambers are the competent bodies. The Federal State takes over responsibilities in steering and modernizing the system. 

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Competent Bodies in Luxembourg

The Department for Vocational education of the Ministry of Education, Children and Youth (MENJE) is responsible for the implementation and coordination of VET on a central level. Employers and Employees are represented by five professional chambers. The chambers are among others responsible for the award of training authorisations to companies and the administration of apprenticeship contracts. The Guidance Service of the Agency for the Development of Employment (ADEM) is responsible for the recording of apprenticeship positions and for the placement of young people and adults into a contract with a training company.

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Competent Bodies in Switzerland

The responsibility for education and training in Switzerland is generally with the cantons, but VPET is federally regulated. The cantons are represented on national level through the Swiss Conference of Cantonal Ministers of Education (EDK). The Confederation is represented by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).

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