The apprenticeship period usually ends with the final exam or a journeyman’s test. The final exam will cover both the school part of the education as well as the practical in-company training. The social partners and/or the chambers of commerce are responsible for the practical part of the exam. The apprenticeship certificate is nationally recognised in the labour market, which is one of the key success features of apprenticeship.
Apprenticeship training is concluded with the apprenticeship leave exam. With successful completion of the exam, the apprentice shows that he or she has acquired the skills and competences needed to be successful. The exam consists of a practical and a theoretical section.
Tests and exams mirror the objectives of each program. Consequently, exams vary from program to program. Both formative and summative assessments are used throughout the program to monitor student progress and to support the student as a learner. There are different kinds of exams: oral, written, oral based on projects and a journeyman’s test.
The dual apprenticeship is characterised by the meaning of its final examination. It leads to the awarding of a certificate by the competent body in charge. The examination procedure is regulated in the Vocational Training Act and respectively for the crafts in the Trade and Crafts Code. Content and methods of the examination are described in the training regulation of the occupation.
The Luxembourgish VET system is organised in a unit and modular based system where each module’s competences are assessed individually by the VET teacher or in-company trainer in charge. VET programmes leading to a DT or a DAP include a final national test organised as an integrated project corresponding to a real or simulated working situation. The official VET certifications are issued by the National Authority for Vocational Certification.
There are two federally recognised formal initial VET qualifications in Switzerland, the Federal VET Diploma for 3-year and 4-year VET programmes and the Federal VET Certificate for 2-year VET programmes. Federal diplomas and certificates are awarded after successful completion of the qualification procedure at the end of the apprenticeship. Intermediary examinations and grades are displayed in reports from the vocational school. The Federal Vocational Baccalaureate (FVB) is an additional examination to attain direct access to Universities of Applied Sciences.